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Editorial Policies

BioDesign Research advocates and adheres to the highest standards for accurate and ethical publication of science and uses a selective peer review process. The scientific editors for BioDesign Research evaluate submitted manuscripts and those that warrant further consideration for publication are sent out for in-depth review by external referees. BioDesign Research does not accept resubmissions of manuscripts that have already been rejected for reasons related to novelty or impact. Papers selected for publication will be edited to improve readability and ensure the use of plain language whenever possible.

Copyright and Licensing

Authorship and Contributorship Requirement

Manuscript Evaluation and Peer Review

Plagiarism and Duplicate Publication

Preprints and Prior Publication

Data Sharing and Materials Availability

Reproducibility

Ethical Experimental Design

Embargo Policy

Archiving Policy

Security Concerns

Reporting Ethical Concerns

Post-Publication Corrections and Comments

Copyright and Licensing

Before BioDesign Research accepts a manuscript, each author must sign and submit a License to Publish Agreement that allows Nanjing Agricultural University exclusive rights to publish and use your contribution. As an open access journal, BioDesign Research publishes under a CC BY license, which allows readers to distribute, adapt, or reuse articles, including for commercial purposes.

For Each Author: Download the License to Publish Form.

Form may be printed out, signed, and scanned or signed using an electronic signature. Once completed, please upload the files into Editorial Manager alongside your manuscript files.

Authorship and Contributorship Requirement

To be included as an “author,” a researcher must meet the criteria for authorship laid out in the definition of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE), which states that authorship should be based on whether an individual:

  1. Provided substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the work.
  2. Participated in drafting the work or revising it critically for important intellectual content.
  3. Participated in final approval of the version to be published.
  4. Provided agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.

BioDesign Research does not permit ghost, guest, or honorary authorship. “Ghost authorship” refers to any context where an individual has made author-level contributions to the paper but is not included in the author list. This is not permitted for papers published in BioDesign Research. “Guest authorship” refers to any context when someone who has not met all criteria of authorship is listed as an author. Individuals who have participated in generation of the research paper but who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in the Acknowledgments section of a paper alongside a brief indication of the nature of their contribution.

As indicated in Information for Authors a completed copy of the Authorship and Conflict of Interest Form must be received from each author listed on the manuscript at submission. This form asks authors to specify the nature and level of their contribution to the article, their understanding regarding the obligation to share data and materials, and any affiliations, funding sources or financial holdings that might raise questions about possible sources of bias.

BioDesign Research will send an email to all authors to confirm receipt of each paper. Submission of a paper that has not first been approved by all authors listed will result in immediate rejection without appeal. Any changes in authorship following submission must be approved in writing by all of the original authors.

Conflict of Interest

Authors must declare current or recent funding (including for Article Processing Charges) and other payments, goods or services that might influence the work. All funding, whether a conflict or not, must be declared in a “Funding Statement.” The involvement of anyone other than the authors who 1) has an interest in the outcome of the work; 2) is affiliated to an organization with such an interest; or 3) was employed or paid by a funder, in the commissioning, conception, planning, design, conduct or analysis of the work, the preparation or editing of the manuscript or the decision to publish must be declared.

Authors must state how the research and publication of their article was funded by naming financially supporting body(s) (written out in full) followed by associated grant number(s) in square brackets (if applicable), for example: “This work was supported by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council [grant numbers xxxx, yyyy]; the National Science Foundation [grant number zzzz]; and a Leverhulme Trust Research Project Grant”. If the research did not receive specific funding, but was performed as part of the employment of the authors, please name this employer. If the funder was involved in the manuscript writing, editing, approval or decision to publish, please declare this.

All acknowledgments (if any) should be included at the very end of the manuscript before the references. Anyone who made a contribution to the research or manuscript, but not significant enough to be a co-author, should be acknowledged (with their permission).

For Each Author: Download the Authorship and Conflict of Interest Form.

Form may be printed out, signed, and scanned or signed using an electronic signature. Once completed, please upload the files into Editorial Manager alongside your manuscript files.

Manuscript Evaluation and Peer Review

Confidentiality

The submitted manuscript is a privileged communication and must be treated as a confidential document. Reviewers should destroy all copies of the manuscript after review and not share the manuscript with any colleagues without the explicit permission of the editor. Reviewers should not make personal or professional use of the data or interpretations before publication without the authors’ specific permission (unless they are writing an editorial or commentary to accompany the article).

Conflicts of interest

If a reviewer cannot judge a paper impartially, they should not accept the invitation to review it. If a reviewer has any professional, personal, or financial affiliations that are or even may be perceived as a conflict of interest in reviewing the manuscript, they should not accept the invitation for review, or, if this conflict of interest is uncovered after seeing the full manuscript materials, they should recuse themselves immediately and fully inform the journal editors. If there is an aspect of a manuscript that a reviewer does not feel they are not qualified to evaluate, inform the editor.

Appeal process

Appeals will be considered on a case by case basis and must be submitted in writing to the editorial office (bdr@njau.edu.cn). Appeals on the basis on novelty or scope are not likely to be granted.

Plagiarism and Duplicate Publication

Plagiarism

BioDesign Research utilizes iThenticate, a plagiarism detection tool that compares all submissions against millions of published articles and web pages. Authors should appropriately cite all quotations and not heavily lean upon large swaths of content from other publications, including your own publications. If there is significant overlap with existing sources (not including the submission’s preprint posting), the editorial office will evaluate the overlap and contact the authors for clarification or editing if needed. Authors must comply with any requests from the editorial office regarding the iThenticate report to proceed with the review process. Significant, verbatim overlap with published sources indicating clear plagiarism will result in immediate rejection.

Use of third-party materials (image permissions)

Papers may occasionally include images or figures created by a third-party (i.e., a non-author). Express permission must be received from the copyright holder prior to publication. The copyright holder, who could be a publisher, corporation, or individual, must complete the Image Permission form which the author will upload alongside the manuscript files. Permission is only needed if the copyright holder is not an author on the paper.

For Copyright Holders:Download the Image Permission Form.

Form may be printed out, signed, and scanned or signed using an electronic signature. Once completed, please upload the files into Editorial Manager alongside your manuscript files.

Preprints and Prior Publication

BioDesign Research will not consider any paper or component of a paper that has been published or is under consideration for publication elsewhere in any language. Distribution on the internet and conference proceedings may be considered prior publication and may compromise the originality of the paper, although we do allow posting on certain not-for-profit preprint servers such as ArXiv and bioRxiv. Please contact the editorial office with questions regarding this policy or allowable postings. In addition, copies of papers submitted to other journals by any of the authors that relate to a research article submitted to BioDesign Research must be included with the submission.

Data Sharing and Materials Availability

After publication, all data and materials (including computer codes) necessary to understand, assess and extend the conclusions of the manuscript must be available to any reader of BioDesign Research. All reasonable requests for data or materials must be fulfilled.

Unreasonable restrictions on data or material availability may prevent publication.

Public data repositories

Before publication, large data sets must be deposited in a community approved database and an accession number or a specific access address must be included in the published paper. The DataCite Repository Finder can help authors find an appropriate repository for their data.

Fossils or other rare specimens must be deposited in a public museum or repository and available for research.

Materials Sharing or Transfer Agreements

Any restrictions on the availability of data, codes, or materials, including fees and restrictions on original data obtained from other sources must be disclosed to the editors as must any Material Transfer Agreements (MTAs) that place constraints on providing the data or materials used or produced in this research. Please disclose this information when completing the Authorship and Conflict of Interest Form. Material Transfer Agreements must be included in the acknowledgements. Patents (whether applications or awards to the authors or home institutions) related to the work should also be declared at submission.

Unpublished Data and Personal Communications

Citations to unpublished data and personal communications cannot be used to support claims in the paper. In press citations are allowed.

Reproducibility

In research articles, the Materials and Methods section should provide sufficient detail to allow replication of the study.

We also encourage authors to consider submitting their step-by-step protocols to online protocol repositories such as Bio-protocol and Protocols.io and to cite them in their submissions.

Ethical Experimental Design

Use of Animals

For all animal experimentation described in the manuscript, BioDesign Research requires that authors state in the Methods section their adherence to the NIH Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals or the equivalent. Species, strain, sex, and age of laboratory animals should be provided in the main text or Supplementary Materials.

For genetically modified animals and to avoid confounding effects of inbred strain background, littermate controls should generally be used, although exceptions may be allowed. Justification for other control animals should be included. Authors should fully describe the source of their animals and number of times backcrosses were performed.

Studies with Human Subjects

Informed consent must be obtained for studies on humans after the nature and possible consequences of the studies are explained. A statement that informed consent was obtained must also appear in the manuscript. All research on humans must have approval from the institutional IRB (Institutional Review Board) or an equivalent body. The editors reserve the right to request IRB documents associated with a particular paper. Gender and age of all subjects should be provided in the main text or Supplementary Materials.

Reporting Guidelines

Authors are encouraged to follow published standard reporting guidelines for their study discipline. Many guidelines can be found at the EQUATOR website.

Embargo Policy

Accepted papers will be published online in an unformatted version as an Article in Press while the paper undergoes production. This accepted version is fully citable.

If research is under an embargo that would be violated by such publication practices, please let the editorial office know upon acceptance.

Archiving Policy

BioDesign Research is archived in Portico, which provides permanent archiving for electronic scholarly journals, as well as via the LOCKSS initiative. BioDesign Research operates a fully open access publishing model which allows open global access to its published content.

Security Concerns

Authors and reviewers are expected to notify editors if a manuscript could be considered to report dual use research of concern (DURC). The National Science Advisory Board for Biosecurity has defined DURC as “life sciences research that, based on current understanding, can be reasonably anticipated to provide knowledge, information, products, or technologies that could be directly misapplied to pose a significant threat with broad potential consequences to public health and safety, agricultural crops and other plants, animals, the environment, materiel, or national security”. Papers identified as possible DURC will be brought to the attention of the Editor-in-Chief for further evaluation. If necessary, outside reviewers with expertise in the area will be consulted.

Reporting Ethical Concerns

AAAS is a member of COPE (Committee on Publication Ethics) and we require all of our partnering institutions to follow the COPE guidelines. BioDesign Research is committed to following these guidelines regarding ethical concerns including issues related to:

  • Scientific misconduct
  • Undisclosed conflicts of interest
  • Errors in published articles
  • Technical concerns in published articles

Any ethical concerns should be directed to the editorial office (bdr@njau.edu.cn).

Post-Publication Corrections and Comments

BioDesign Research is committed to addressing and correcting errors in published papers through the following.

  • Corrections: Corrections are issued when errors are discovered that do not affect the core conclusions of a paper but are still needed to correct the record of publication.
  • Editorial Expression of Concern: This is published when an institutional investigation of large-scale error or misconduct is under way regarding a published paper.
  • Retractions: A paper may be retracted if misconduct or errors that significantly change the conclusion of the study are discovered.

Corrections, Expressions of Concern, and Retractions are completed at the discretion of the editors. They are published online and linked to the related published article.

Authors or readers that discover an error in a published paper should contact the editorial office (bdr@njau.edu.cn).