Journal of Remote Sensing Special Issue

Image of space

China's Contemporary Satellite Remote Sensing Payloads and Applications in Earth and Space Sciences

Journal of Remote Sensing, a Science Partner Journal, is now considering submissions for its special issue titled China's Contemporary Satellite Remote Sensing Payloads and Applications in Earth and Space Sciences.


The scope of mankind's activities has experienced expansion from land to ocean, from ocean to atmosphere, and from atmosphere to outer space. Space technology opened up a new era of man's exploration of outer space. In recent years, China's aerospace industry has achieved rapid development with the successful launch of many new satellites. China ranks among the world's most advanced countries in the field of remote sensing, including the development of satellite remote sensing payloads for earth observation and lunar and planetary exploration. China will continue to promote the development of its space science, and make due contributions to the peaceful use of earth and planetary resources.

To date, China has established a comprehensive satellite remote sensing system, including sensors for land resources and meteorological, atmospheric composition and marine applications, and also launched lunar and Mars orbiters as part of the Chang’e and Tianwen-1 missions. For example, the Gaofen-5 and Gaofen-7 satellites are equipped with various high-resolution sensors employing spectral, multi-angle and polarization observation, etc., for comprehensive and high-precision detection of the global atmosphere, land surface, and ocean properties. The GaoFenDuoMo satellite, which is currently China's highest spatial resolution satellite, carries a special atmospheric correction load to further enhance the quality and efficiency of satellite images. The DQ-1 satellite, planned to launch in 2022, will be the first CO2 lidar satellite in the world, and it is equipped with a polarization crossfire sensor suite for optical path correction to ensure greenhouse gas detection with ultra-high precision. Furthermore, the Fengyun-3E (FY-3E), the world's first early-morning-orbit meteorological satellite for civil use, has greatly improved capabilities in terms of atmospheric dynamics, low-light, infrared, and hyperspectral detection, effectively improving the accuracy and timeliness of global numerical weather prediction. The Fengyun-3 Rainfall Mission, planned to launch in 2022, will carry a new Ku and Ka band microwave imager to provide a new generation of rainfall measurement data with global coverage. China has successfully completed three phases, namely "orbiting", "landing", and "returning", of the lunar exploration program through Chang’e-1 to Chang’e-5 missions. The Tianwen-1 mission, China’s first Mars exploration mission, accomplished orbiting, landing, and roving on Mars in one mission. The remote sensing payloads onboard the lunar and Martian orbiters, landers, and rovers, including cameras, imaging spectrometers, microwave radiometer, laser altimeter, ground penetrating radars, etc., have greatly contributed to understanding the topography, geomorphology, geology, mineralogy, and subsurface structures of the Moon and Mars.

This special issue of Journal of Remote Sensing solicits manuscripts describing current progress related to China's advanced satellite remote sensing payloads for earth and planetary observations and applications in space science, such as environment, meteorology, ocean, resources, surveying, and mapping. These new satellites and payloads need to carry out systematic in-orbit testing, data processing, algorithm research and development, product inspection, etc. The special issue is open to scientists who are interested in China’s satellite remote sensing and space science, especially scientists involving the Gaofen-5 and Gaofen-7 satellites, the Chang’e lunar orbiters, the Tianwen-1 Mars orbiter, and the Chinese Rainfall Mission in Fengyun-3 series (Fengyun-3G), ZY-3, and ZY1-02D/E. The purpose of this special issue not only focuses on demonstrating the comprehensive innovation capabilities of Chinese satellite remote sensing payloads nationally, but also aims to introduce them to international colleagues and related research communities. In order to meet this demand, this special issue aims to provide a comprehensive summary of Chinese scientific satellites concerned with payloads, ground observation, and applications. 

For this special issue, we welcome high-quality original research related to China's advanced satellite remote sensing payloads and applications in space science. Potential topics for this special issue may include, but are not limited to:

  • Payloads and remote sensing applications of the Gaofen-5 and Gaofen-7 satellites
  • Payloads and remote sensing applications of the Chang’e lunar orbiters and the Tianwen-1 Mars orbiter
  • Sensor calibration and data validation
  • Payloads and potential application of the Fengyun-3G and the HJ-2A/B
  • Payloads and potential application of the ZY-3 and the ZY1-02D/E
  • Environment, meteorology, marine, resource, surveying and mapping

    Submission Deadline

    December 31, 2022

      Submission Instructions

      Visit the Author Guidelines for full details. When submitting, please indicate in your cover letter that your submission is intended for inclusion the special issue, China's Contemporary Satellite Remote Sensing Payloads and Applications in Earth and Space Sciences.

      There are no submission fees. Article processing charges (APCs) are covered by Aerospace Information Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences, for all manuscripts accepted before July 1, 2023; authors whose work is accepted for publication before July 1, 2023 will therefore not be responsible for paying APCs. Papers will be published online after acceptance.

      Guest Editors

      Portrait of Di

      Kaichang Di is currently a Professor with Aerospace Information Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China. He received his Ph.D. in photogrammetry and remote sensing from Wuhan Technical University of Surveying and Mapping (now Wuhan University) in 1999. He was a Research Scientist with the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering and Geodetic Science, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA. His research interests include planetary mapping, photogrammetry and remote sensing, and comparative planetology. Prof. Di is chair of Working Group III/II “Planetary Remote Sensing and Mapping” of the International Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing.


      Portrait of Li

      Zhengqiang Li is distinguished Professor of Aerospace Information Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China. He is a member of the International Radiation Commission (IRC) and secretary-general of the Committee of Environmental Information System and Remote Sensing of CSES (Chinese Society for Environmental Sciences). His research activities concern remote sensing of environment, studies of atmospheric aerosol and pollutions, polarimetric observation, and atmospheric correction for earth observation of satellites. He is the founder of Chinese Sun-sky radiometer observation network ( and the series of international workshops on Advancement of Polarimetric Observations (APOLO). He is author (or co-author) of more than 250 peer-reviewed journal papers, and has received various awards including the Youth Science and Technology Award of CSES, Distinguished Young Scholars of NSFC (National Natural Science Foundation of China), and 100 Talents Program fund of CAS. He serves as an associate editor of Atmospheric Environment and other international and Chinese journals.


      Portrait of Liu

      Jianjun Liu is Deputy Director of the Key Laboratory of Lunar and Deep Space Exploration, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), China, and a Professor of National Astronomical Observatories, CAS, China. He received his Ph.D. from the Institute of Geochemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, in 2002. In 2016, Prof. Liu was appointed by the China National Space Administration as the chief designer of Ground Research and Application System for China's Mars exploration mission. His research interests include planetary geomorphology, planetary geology, and planetary surface processes.


      Portrait of Xinming

      Tang Xinming is Chief Engineer of the Land Satellite Remote Sensing Application Center (LASAC, Ministry of Natural Resources, China). Prof. Dr. Xinming is also the Chief Designer of the application systems of ZY-3, ZY1-02D/E, etc. He has published more than 200 research papers and 7 books. Prof. Dr. Xinming has been awarded 5 National Awards of Science and Technology Progress of China.


      Portrait of Zhang

      Peng Zhang has served as Deputy Director of the National Satellite Meteorological Center (NSMC/CMA, China) since 2013. Dr. Zhang also has served as Chief Director of FY-3 ground segment since 2013, Chair of Global Space Inter-Calibration System (GSICS) Executive Panel from 2014 to 2017, Chief Director of Chinese TanSat satellite ground segment since 2015, IEEE Senior Member since 2016, and Satellite Coordinator of World Meteorological Organization (WMO) Infrastructure Commission (INFCOM) since 2020. Dr. Zhang was intensively involved in conceiving, developing, and operating the FY-3 satellite ground segment. With his leadership, Chinese meteorological polar orbiting satellite FY-3 data have been used worldwide and the radiance calibration accuracy of the instruments has improved progressively. His research experience covers atmospheric remote sensing, satellite calibration and validation, and atmospheric radiative transfer calculation.


      Portrait of de Leeuw

      Gerrit de Leeuw joined KNMI (Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute) in 2020 and is a visiting professor at RADI-CAS (Beijing), NUIST (Nanjing), and CUMT (Xuzhou), China, where he mentors PhD students and postdocs working on aerosol remote sensing and applications. He received his PhD in 1981 from University of Amsterdam. Prof. de Leeuw was with TNO, Netherlands (1980–2006; part-time 2007–2014) in different positions (group leader, Senior Research Fellow, Professor) where he worked on both in situ measurements and remote sensing (lidar, sun photometer, satellite) of aerosol properties, with a specialization in the production of marine aerosol, air-sea transfer (gases, momentum, heat, water vapour), and propagation of electro-magnetic radiation in the atmosphere over both land and ocean. Prof. de Leeuw was Professor at the University of Helsinki (2007–2020) and worked with the Finnish Meteorological Institute (FMI) on aerosol remote sensing and applications to air quality and climate studies. He participated in the constituting meeting of the International Satellite Aerosol Science network AEROSAT and was a member of the steering committee. He is a (co-)author of more than 230 peer-reviewed research articles (h-index: 47 Web of Science; 66 Google Scholar), co-authored one book on aerosol remote sensing, and is Section Editor-in-Chief ("Atmosphere Remote Sensing") of Remote Sensing