BioDesign Research / 2020 / Article / Tab 1

Review Article

Biosystems Design to Accelerate C3-to-CAM Progression

Table 1

List of known genes within the functional CAM modules.

Protein nameGene locusDefinition (subcellular location)SpeciesReference

Carboxylation module
β-CAKaladp0018s0289β-Type carbonic anhydraseK. fedtschenkoi[20]
β-CA2Mcr010929t1β-Type carbonic anhydrase 2 (cytosol)M. crystallinum[30]
PEPC1Kaladp0095s0055Phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase 1K. fedtschenkoi[20]
PEPC1Mcr000915t1Phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase 1 (cytosol)M. crystallinum[30]
PEPC1Kalax.0018s0056.1Phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase 1K. laxiflora[35]
Kalax.0021s0061.1
PEPC2Kaladp0048s0578Phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase 2K. fedtschenkoi[20]
PPCKKaladp0037s0517PEPC kinaseK. fedtschenkoi[20]
PPCK1Mcr011042t1PEPC kinase 1 (cytosol)M. crystallinum[30]
NAD-MDHKaladp0022s0111NAD-malate dehydrogenaseK. fedtschenkoi[20]
NAD-MDH1Mcr009416t1NAD-malate dehydrogenase 1 (cytosol)M. crystallinum[30]
NAD-MDH2Mcr008974t1NAD-malate dehydrogenase 2 (mitochondria)M. crystallinum[30]
NADP-MDH1Mcr006398t1NADP-malate dehydrogenase 1 (chloroplast)M. crystallinum[30]
ALMT6Kaladp0062s0038Tonoplast aluminum-activated malate transporter 6K. fedtschenkoi[20]
ALMT4Tonoplast aluminum-activated malate transporter 4 (tonoplast membrane)M. crystallinumLim et al., unpublished data
tDTTonoplast dicarboxylate transporterAgave[37]
tDTTonoplast dicarboxylate transporter (tonoplast membrane)M. crystallinumLim et al., unpublished data

Decarboxylation module
NAD-MENAD-dependent malic enzymeK. fedtschenkoi[20]
NAD-ME1Mcr021367t1NAD-dependent malic enzyme 1, alpha subunit (mitochondria)M. crystallinum[30]
NAD-ME2Mcr003267t1NAD-dependent malic enzyme 2, beta subunit (mitochondria)M. crystallinum[30]
NADP-MEKaladp0092s0166NADP-dependent malic enzymeK. fedtschenkoi[20]
NADP-ME1Mcr003238t1NADP-dependent malic enzyme 1 (cytosol)M. crystallinum[30]
NADP-ME2Mcr002920t1NADP-dependent malic enzyme 2 (chloroplast)M. crystallinum[30]
PPDKMcr000976t1Pyruvate, orthophosphate dikinase (chloroplast)M. crystallinum[30]
PPDK-RPKaladp0010s0106Pyruvate, orthophosphate dikinase-regulatory proteinK. fedtschenkoi[20]
PPDK-RPMcr007074t1Pyruvate, orthophosphate dikinase (chloroplast)M. crystallinum[30]
PEPCKPhosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinaseK. fedtschenkoi[20]
PPCK1AF162661Phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinaseK. fedtschenkoi[25]
PEPCKPhosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (cytosol)M. crystallinum[30]

Stomatal regulation module
PHOT2Kaladp0033s0113Blue light receptor phototropin 2K. fedtschenkoi[34]
AKT2Arabidopsis shaker family K+ channels 2/3Agave[37]
PP1Protein phosphatase 1K. pinnata, K. daigremontiana[33]
PM H+-ATPasesPlasma membrane H+-ATPaseK. pinnata, K. daigremontiana[33]

Anatomical module
VvCEB1Basic helix-loop-helix transcription factorVitis vinifera[59, 60]
PeXTHThe xyloglucan endotransglucosylase/hydrolaseP. euphratica[57]
Circadian clock module
CCA1Circadian clock associated 1Agave[37]
TOC1Timing of cab expression1Agave[37]
RVE1Reveille 1Agave[37]