Cyborg and Bionic Systems / 2021 / Article / Fig 6

Research Article

An Electrical Stimulation Culture System for Daily Maintenance-Free Muscle Tissue Production

Figure 6

Image analysis of shrinkage of the TEM in a free state. (a) Application of continuous pulses to the TEM while still attached to PTFE pillars to evoke tetanic contraction. (b) Length trace of the TEM during electrical stimulation for tetanus.