Cyborg and Bionic Systems / 2021 / Article / Fig 2

Research Article

Pulsed Microfluid Force-Based On-Chip Modular Fabrication for Liver Lobule-Like 3D Cellular Models

Figure 2

On-chip 3D assembly of the hierarchical microstructures: (a) flow chart of the whole 3D assembly process; (b) 3D stacking through pulsed microfluid force interaction; (c) self-alignment through the surface tension of the hydrophilic-hydrophobic interaction. Scale bars: 300 μm.