Cyborg and Bionic Systems / 2022 / Article / Fig 1

Research Article

Hyperelastic Membrane Actuators: Analysis of Toroidal and Helical Multifunctional Configurations

Figure 1

Envisaged application of the Multimodal Hybrid (M2H) and Hyperelastic Ballooning Membrane Actuators (HBMAs). Potential implantation of the M2H-HBMAs inside tubular organs, such as (a) the esophagus and (b) small intestine to treat long-gap conditions. (i) Detailed conceptual views of the helical and toroidal M2H-HBMAs; (ii) the manufactured M2H-HBMAs in a relaxed state. Arrows in the diagrams represent the two motions that the M2H-HBMAs can produce, axial extension and radial expansion.