Hyperelastic Membrane Actuators: Analysis of Toroidal and Helical Multifunctional Configurations
Structural strength test. (a) The TA and (b) HA pressurized at kPa and then loaded by kg. (c) Plot showing the axial extension capabilities of the M2H-HBMAs under varying loads and under two conditions: loaded and then pressurized (LP) and pressurized and then loaded (PL). (d) Extension of the TA and (e) extension of the HA for gradual pressurization to kPa under loads of ,,, and kg. The solid lines represent the averaged data with the error bars representing the standard deviation across six trials. The dashed lines represent an exponential curve-fit.