Cyborg and Bionic Systems / 2022 / Article / Fig 10

Research Article

Hyperelastic Membrane Actuators: Analysis of Toroidal and Helical Multifunctional Configurations

Figure 10

Structural strength test. (a) The TA and (b) HA pressurized at  kPa and then loaded by  kg. (c) Plot showing the axial extension capabilities of the M2H-HBMAs under varying loads and under two conditions: loaded and then pressurized (LP) and pressurized and then loaded (PL). (d) Extension of the TA and (e) extension of the HA for gradual pressurization to  kPa under loads of , , , and  kg. The solid lines represent the averaged data with the error bars representing the standard deviation across six trials. The dashed lines represent an exponential curve-fit.