Cyborg and Bionic Systems / 2022 / Article / Fig 2

Research Article

Hyperelastic Membrane Actuators: Analysis of Toroidal and Helical Multifunctional Configurations

Figure 2

Overview of the design advancements for linear extensibility from (a) our previous work and (b) the HBMA-based helical and (c) toroidal actuator configurations presented in this paper. Inserts (i) show a cross-sectional view of the actuators and their AAC extension principle. Insert (ii) shows a detailed view of this principle in reality.