Changes in mobility and the time-varying reproduction number (top) and the number of new daily reported cases (bottom) between March 1 and August 31, 2020, by the region. Panels (a), (c), (e), and (g) show urban areas, which are the capital cities of Japan, Korea, the Philippines, and Malaysia, respectively. Panels (b), (d), (f), and (h) show corresponding less urbanized areas in the same countries. Each point indicates daily movement change relative to a baseline of February 2020, and each colour represents an administrative district for each city. The background shading indicates periods of intervention of differing social distancing and lockdown levels for each region, with darker colours indicating tighter regulations.