Health Data Science / 2021 / Article / Fig 1

Review Article

Cognitive Computing-Based CDSS in Medical Practice

Figure 1

A general framework of cognitive computing-based CDSS. Medical big data manages the pool of heterogeneous medical data and provides the universal data access interface towards upper layers. Perception provides capabilities to process medical data of various modalities as well as holistic multimodal data analysis. Cognition computerizes medical knowledge with explicit and implicit methods, which enables machine intelligence to process medical data like humans. Applications provide various AI capabilities for clinical decision support based on the results from former layers. Examples include diagnostic suggestion, detection of misdiagnosis, and treatment recommendation.