An Air-to-Soil Transition Model for Discrete Scattering-Emission Modelling at L-Band
Comparisons of simulated by different models with different (0.75, 0.9, 1.2, 1.5, and 2.5 cm) settings with constant (9 cm) to ELBARA-III observations. (a, b) By the Base-Wil and ATS-Wil models, respectively, for the late-monsoon period. (c) The calculated MPDI () with of 0.9 cm and 2.5 cm for the late-monsoon period. Base-Lv and Base-Wil represent experiments using AIEM+TVG in combination with Wilheit’s and Lv’s models separately. ATS-Lv and ATS-Wil denote experiments using ATS+AIEM+TVG in combination with Wilheit’s and Lv’s models separately.