Optical Remote Sensing of Oil Spills in the Ocean: What Is Really Possible?
HICO image collected on 12 May 2020 showing oil slicks around the Deepwater Horizon oil rig (red dot, 28.7366°N, 88.3660°W). The image covers an area of 28.5–29.1°N and 88.5–87.7°W. Three locations are selected to analyze their spectral contrasts against a nearby water location (marked as “R” for reference), whose spectra are shown to the right. The -axis shows the Rayleigh corrected reflectance () referenced against the water pixel. Each spectrum is a average over the center location, where vertical bars indicate standard deviations.