Thermally and chemically switchable metasurfaces.
(a) A VO2
–hybridized TSM for actively controlling THz waves. (b) A near-IR TSM constructed with VO2
resonators and its temperature-controlled optical spectra. (c) A superconductor-based TTM for transmission modulations on THz wave. Inset: image of the fabricated SRR meta-atom. (d) A TSM combining a dielectric metasurface (silicon nanodisk array) and a layer of LCs to achieve transmission modulation on near-IR light. (e) A chemically switchable metadevice formed by a plasmonic metasurface composed of hydrogen-responsive Mg nanoparticles. Reproduced with permissions: (a) from [42
] ©2009AAAS; (b) from [43
] ©2018ACS; (c) from [44
] ©2010 APS; (d) from [45
] ©2015ACS; (e) from [46