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Research Article

Solar PV-Battery-Electric Grid-Based Energy System for Residential Applications: System Configuration and Viability

Table 11

The comparison of energy policies and technology costs in different literatures.

LiteratureLocationYearPV price (/kWp) (with an inverter)Bat. price (/kWh)Export (/kWh)Import (/kWh)Incentive (/kWh)Profitability

This paperChina20191334€220€ (lead-carbon)0.054€0.083€0.056€No
[18]Germany20141600€500€ (Li-ion)0.035€0.295€Yes
[19]Italy20162000€171€ (lead-acid)0.14€0.19€No
[20]Italy2018Not provided600€ (Li-ion)0.11€0.165€No
[21]Portugal20171605€462€ (Li-ion)0.042€0.19€No
[22]Germany20141700€171€ (lead-acid)0.042€0.288€Yes
[23]The UK20171547€1134€ (Li-ion)0.044€0.112€0.05€No
[24]The UK2017Not provided557€ (Li-ion)0.054€0.153€0.149€No
[25]Germany20141000€600€ (Li-ion)0.02€0.34€Yes