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Research Article

High-Performance and Hysteresis-Free Perovskite Solar Cells Based on Rare-Earth-Doped SnO2 Mesoporous Scaffold

Figure 4

(a) Transmittance spectra of films. (b) Tauc plots corresponding to the transmission spectra. (c) Ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy (UPS) spectra of films in the on-set (left) and the cutoff (right) region. (d) Experimentally determined energy level diagrams (relative to the vacuum level) of different component layers in the PSC devices.

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