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Review Article

Mechanical Alloying: A Novel Technique to Synthesize Advanced Materials

Table 1

Attributes of mechanical alloying.

Production of fine dispersion of second phase (usually oxide) particles
Extension of solid solubility limits
Refinement of grain sizes down to nanometer range
Synthesis of novel crystalline and quasicrystalline phases
(5)Development of amorphous (glassy) phases
(6)Disordering of ordered intermetallics
(7)Possibility of alloying of difficult to alloy elements/metals
(8)Inducement of chemical (displacement) reactions at low temperatures for (a) Mineral and Waste processing, (b) Metals refining, (c) Combustion reactions, and (d) Production of discrete ultrafine particles
(9)Scaleable process