Research / 2019 / Article / Fig 1

Research Article

A Piezoelectric and Electromagnetic Dual Mechanism Multimodal Linear Actuator for Generating Macro- and Nanomotion

Figure 1

Schematic design of DMMLA and its working principles: the overall assembling of DMMLA with the prototype shown in the insert (a); the enlarged detailed structure of piezoelectric assembly (b) and electromagnetic assembly (c); the detailed structure of stack (d) and stack (e) and the relationship of displacement and the applied voltage at 1, 10, 100 Hz for stack (f) and stack (g); working principle of the electromagnetic actuator (h).