Research / 2019 / Article / Fig 1

Review Article

Engineering Epitaxial Silicene on Functional Substrates for Nanotechnology

Figure 1

Scheme of the state-of-the-art for silicene production. Main properties of freestanding silicene are summarized on the left (data from reference [17]). Hitherto, silicene can be synthesized by deposition on substrates, segregation through a buffer layer, or by intercalation with metal atoms in bulk silicon (right). In the deposition framework, silicene is currently grown on (111)-terminated metals, insulators, and layered crystals.