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Research Article

Comorbid Chronic Diseases and Acute Organ Injuries Are Strongly Correlated with Disease Severity and Mortality among COVID-19 Patients: A Systemic Review and Meta-Analysis

Table 3

Epidemiological characteristics of kidney injury in COVID-19 patients.

First author, source, yearLocationNo. of patientsNo. of severe patients (%)No. of patients with AKI (%)No. of severe patients with AKI (%)

Guan W, N Engl J Med, 2020 [13]China1,099173 (15.7%)6 (0.6%)5 (2.9%)
Hu L, medRxiv, 2020 [85]Wuhan323152 (47.1%)17 (5.3%)15 (9.9%)
Huang C, Lancet, 2020 [5]Wuhan4113 (31.7%)3 (7.3%)3 (23.1%)
Wan S, J of Med Viro, 2020 [97]Chongqing13540 (29.6%)5 (3.7%)1 (2.5%)
Wang D, JAMA, 2020 [6]Wuhan13836 (26.1%)5 (3.6%)3 (8.3%)
Xu YH, medRxiv, 2020 [11]Guangdong4545 (100.0%)7 (15.6%)7 (15.6%)
Yang X, Lancet Respir Med, 2020 [9]Wuhan5252 (100.0%)15 (28.9%)15 (28.9%)
Zhang GQ, medRxiv, 2020 [10]Wuhan22155 (24.9%)10 (4.5%)8 (14.6%)
Zhao W, medRxiv, 2020 [103]Beijing7720 (26.0%)2 (2.6%)1 (5.0%)

AKI: acute kidney injury.