Research / 2020 / Article / Tab 1

Review Article

Advanced Thin Film Cathodes for Lithium Ion Batteries

Table 1

Summary of nanostructured thin film cathode literature discussed in this review with corresponding labeled modification approaches A1, A2, and B.

MaterialsGrowth methodSubstrateBufferMorphologyNoteRef.

LiFePO4Templated sol-gel (A1)SiPtMesoporousPostannealing needed[54]
LiFePO4Electrostatic spray pyrolysis (A1)Stainless steelPorousPostannealing needed[46]
LiFePO4Hydrothermal (A2)Graphene foamParticle-coated networkPostannealing needed[82]
LiFePO4Off-axis PLD (A1)TiNeedle-likeLow growth temperature preferred[34]
LiFePO4Hydrothermal (A2)Graphene foamsNanosheet-coated network[83]
LiFePO4Coprecipitation (A2)GrapheneSelf-supported filmFlexible[72]
VOxALD (A1)SiPt/TiNConformal coating on Si micropillarsCrystallinity controlled by annealing[67]
V2O5Hydrothermal (A2)Reduced graphene oxide nanosheetNanowires deposited on substratesPostannealing needed[76]
V2O5Spin spray layer by layer coating (A2)Celgard porous separatorNanowires deposited on substrates[74]
V2O5Pulsed electrodeposition (A2)Carbon nanofiber membraneCore-shellPostannealing needed[80]
V2O5Drop casting (A2)Porous Si pillar structureAuParticle-coatedPostannealing needed[68]
V2O5Anodic deposition (A1)PtMica-likePostannealing needed[59]
V2O5ESD (A1)PtPorous particlesPostannealing needed[49]
V2O5, Fe0.1V2O5.15ESD (A1)Stainless steelMultideck cagesPostannealing needed[52, 93]
V2O5ALD (A2)MWCNTsCore-shell[78]
VO2Hydrothermal (A2)Carbon clothCoated nanoflakes[81]
LiCoO2Hydrothermal (A1)AuSupported nanowire arraysChemical lithiation required; high temperature needed[41]
LiCoO2Spray coating (A2)Patterned Al substrateCoating on patterned substratePostannealing needed[64]
LiCoO2ESD (A1)AlPorousPostannealing needed[53]
LiCoO2Laser printing (B)Stainless steelConical structurePredeposited film; laser annealing needed[87]
Li2MnO3PLD (A1)Stainless steelAuTilted columns[37]
LiSn0.0125Mn1.975O4RF sputtering (A2)Patterned SiO2/SiPt/TiFilm coated on patterned substratePostannealing needed[66]
LiMn2O4ESD (A1)PtSponge-like porous[50]
LiMn2O4RF sputtering (A1)Stainless steelTiN/SiO2/SiPatterned film[61]
LiMn2O4Templated sol-gel (A1)SiO2/SiPt/TiPostannealing needed[57]
LiMn2O4Laser printing (B)Stainless steelAuPatterned columnarPredeposited film; laser annealing needed[88]
LiMn2O4Laser printing (B)Stainless steelColumnarPredeposited film; laser annealing needed[89]
LiMn2O4Cathodic deposition (A1)AuNanowall arraysHydrothermal lithiation needed[60]
TiO2Catalyzed growth (A2)Cu diskVertical aligned CNTs/Cr/Ni[63]

Please note that the Table of Contents page is currently not displaying content published since June 7, 2021. We are working to fix this issue as soon as possible and apologize for the inconvenience.