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Research Article

Janus Poly(Vinylidene Fluoride) Membranes with Penetrative Pores for Photothermal Desalination

Table 1

Solar vapor generation performances of different membranes under one-sun irradiation () reported in the literatures.

MaterialsMorphologyModeLight absorbanceEvaporation rateSolar-vapor conversion efficiencyRef.
(%)(kg·m-2·h-1)(%)

AAO loaded with Al nanoparticlesVertically aligned poresDirect contact96.00.9357.7[17]
CuS-coated PE membraneInterconnected macroporesDirect contact93.01.0263.9[21]
Hierarchical copper-silicon nanowire porous membraneInterconnected macroporesDirect contact93.80.8150.9[34]
With thermal insulator93.81.3786.0
PPy-coated hydrophilic PVDF membraneInterconnected macroporesDirect contact93.00.9254.3[18]
Folded into cones99.21.7093.8
Electrospinning CB/PMMA-PAN Janus absorberInterconnected macroporesDirect contact97.00.9251.0[15]
With thermal insulator97.01.3072.0
Janus VOPMVertically aligned poresDirect contact97.01.0862.8This work
With thermal insulator97.01.5890.2