Research / 2020 / Article / Tab 3

Review Article

Combating the Coronavirus Pandemic: Early Detection, Medical Treatment, and a Concerted Effort by the Global Community

Table 3

TCM recommendations by guidelines for diagnosis and treatment of COVID-19 (7th edition) [25].

SymptomsPotential TCMMain ingredients (common names)Active ingredientsPrecaution

Suspected cases
 Fatigue, gastrointestinal discomfortHuo Xiang Zheng Qi Capsule (藿香正气胶囊)Patchouli, Indian buead, areca peel, perilla leaf, dahurian angelica root, tangerine peel, platycodon root, largehead Atractylodes rhizome, magnolia bark, pinellia rhizome, licoriceN/AMay cause an autoimmune response. Allergic individuals are prohibited from the treatment. Patients with diseases, i.e., cardiac diseases, liver diseases, kidney diseases, hypertension, and diabetes, and pregnant women should speak to physicians before the treatment
 Fatigue, feverLian Hua Qing Wen Capsule (连花清瘟胶囊)Forsythia, honeysuckle flower, ephedra, apricot, gypsum, indigowoad root, crown wood-fern, heartleaf houttuynia, patchouli, rhubarb, arctic root, mint, licoriceN/AMay cause an autoimmune response. Not suitable for people with a cold. Not suitable for long-term use. Allergic individuals are prohibited from the treatment. Patients with diseases, i.e., cardiac diseases, liver diseases, kidney diseases, hypertension, and diabetes, and pregnant women should speak to physicians before the treatment
Shu Feng Jie Du Capsule (疏风解毒胶囊)Bushy knotweed root, forsythia, indigowoad root, thorowax root, patrinia, verbena leaf, reed root, licoriceN/AMay cause an autoimmune response, i.e., nausea. Allergic individuals and individuals with allergic constitution are prohibited from the treatment
Jin Hua Qing Gan Pill (金花清感丸)Honeysuckle flower, gypsum, ephedra, apricot, baical skullcap root, forsythia, fritillaria bulb, anemarrhena rhizome, great burdock achene, wormwood mint, licoriceN/ASide effects are not known. Pregnant women, allergic individuals, and individuals with allergic constitution are prohibited from the treatment
Confirmed cases
 Mild/general/severeQing Fei Pai Du Decoction (清肺排毒汤)Ephedra, licorice, apricot, gypsum, cinnamon twig, water plantain rhizome, polyporus, largehead Atractylodes rhizome, Indian buead, thorowax root, baical skullcap root, pinellia rhizome, ginger, tatarian aster root, coltsfoot flower, blackberry lily rhizome, Manchurian wildginger, Chinese yam, immature bitter orange, tangerine peel, patchouliN/ANot recommended to be used as a precautionary measure
 SevereXi Yan Ping Injection (喜炎平注射液)AndrographisAndrographolideMay cause adverse reactions, i.e., skin rash, itchiness, fever, pain, dyspnea, cyanosis, palpitations, and convulsions. Pregnant women and allergic individuals are prohibited from the treatment
Xing Nao Jing Injection (醒脑静注射液)Musk, borneol, cape jasmine fruit, turmeric tuberN/AMay cause an autoimmune response, i.e., skin rash. Pregnant women are prohibited from the treatment
 Severe/criticalXue Bi Jing Injection (血必净注射液)Safflower, peony root, Szechuan lovage rhizome, red sage root, Chinese angelica rootHydroxysafflor yellow AMay cause an autoimmune response, i.e., itchiness. Pregnant women are prohibited from the treatment
Re Du Ning Injection (热毒宁注射液)Wormwood, honeysuckle flower, cape jasmine fruitN/AMay cause an autoimmune response, i.e., dizziness, chest tightness, thirstiness, diarrhea, nausea, vomit, skin rash, and itchiness. Allergic individuals are prohibited from the treatment
Tan Re Qing Injection (痰热清注射液)Baical skullcap root, bear bile, goat horn, honeysuckle flower, forsythiaN/AMay cause an autoimmune response, i.e., dizziness, nausea, vomit, itchiness, and skin rash
 CriticalShen Fu Injection (参附注射液)Red ginseng, Chinese aconiteN/AMay cause an autoimmune response, i.e., tachycardia, skin rash, dizziness, headache, hiccup, tremor, dyspnea, nausea, visual abnormality, abnormality in liver function, and urinary retention. Newborns, allergic individuals, and individuals with allergic constitution are prohibited from the treatment
Sheng Mai Injection (生脉注射液)Red ginseng, Ophiopogon, magnolia berryN/AMay cause an autoimmune response, i.e., anaphylactic shock. Newborns, pregnant women, allergic individuals, and individuals with allergic constitution are prohibited from the treatment
Shen Mai Injection (参麦注射液)Red ginseng, OphiopogonN/AMay cause autoimmune response and adverse effect on treated patients, i.e., anaphylactic shock and damage to the body systems. Newborns, pregnant women, allergic individuals, and individuals with allergic constitution are prohibited from the treatment
Su He Xiang Pill (苏合香丸)Storax, benzoin, borneol, musk, buffalo horn, sandalwood, agarwood, clove, nut grass, costus root, frankincense, long pepper fruit, largehead Atractylodes rhizome, gall nut, CinnabarisN/ASide effects are not known. Pregnant women are prohibited from the treatment
An Gong Niu Huang Pill (安宫牛黄丸)Buffalo horn, musk, pearl, realgar, coptis root, Cinnabaris, baical skullcap root, cape jasmine fruit, turmeric tuber, borneolN/AMay cause autoimmune responses, i.e., hypothermia. Prescription guidance is unclear

N/A: not available.