Noninvasive Ultrasound Stimulation of Ventral Tegmental Area Induces Reanimation from General Anaesthesia in Mice
Mechanism of ultrasound stimulation in reanimation from general anaesthesia. (a) Behavioral scores of the normal saline and drug groups ( for NS-US group, for rest of the groups, ,,, ANOVA). (b) Emergence time of the D1 receptor antagonist group and saline group (,,, independent-sample -test). (c) Emergence time of the D2 receptor antagonist group (50 mg/kg) and saline group (,,, independent-sample -test). (d) Behavioral scores during ultrasound stimulation of the VTA and visual cortex (,,, independent-sample -test).