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Review Article

Current Research Trends and Perspectives on Solid-State Nanomaterials in Hydrogen Storage

Table 4

Experimentally measured hydrogen storage properties of selected nanoporous carbon materials.

Carbon materialStorage conditions
Temp. (K)/Press. (bar)
BET surface area (m2 g–1)Hydrogen capability (wt%)Ref

AC (Maxsorb)77/3033065.70[64]
AC (Maxsorb)303/10033060.67[64]
AC (AX-21)77/60274510.80[65]
AC (KOH-treated)298/10028000.85[66]
AC (KOH-treated)77/2031907.08[67]
AC (KOH-treated)77/2027706.20[68]
AC (KOH-treated)77/203000−35007.03[69]
AC (KOH-treated)77/196872.14[77]
AC (Pt-doped)298/1002033−37981.10[73]
AC (Pd-doped)298/8025475.50[74]
AC ((Ni-B)-doped)77/1.09761.80[75]
SWCNT133/0.45–10[80]
CNT273–295/1.0290–800≤1.0[81, 82]
CNT (film)298/108.0[83]
MWCNT298/1486.3[84]
CNT (Li-doped)653/1.0130 (specific)20[85]
CNT (K-doped)343/1.0130 (specific)14[85]
MWCNT (Ca-doped)– (electrochemical)0.3[86]
MWCNT (Co-doped)– (electrochemical)1.05[86]
MWCNT (Fe-doped)– (electrochemical)1.5[86]
MWCNT (Ni-doped)– (electrochemical)0.75[86]
MWCNT (Pd-doped)– (electrochemical)0.4[86]
CNF298/120516.54[90]
CNF (KOH-treated)77/401500–17003.45[92]
CNF (N-doped)298/100870 (specific)2.0[96]
CNF (Ni-doped)298/10013102.2[97]