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Review Article

Current Research Trends and Perspectives on Solid-State Nanomaterials in Hydrogen Storage

Table 8

Different fuel cells [249].

ElectrolytePEMFCDMFCAFCPAFCMCFCSOFC
Proton exchange membranePolymer membranePotassium hydroxideLiquid phosphoric acidLiquid molten carbonateCeramic

Operation temperature (°C)8560-13060-90200650800-1000
Efficiency (%)40-604045-6035-4045-6050-65
Typical electrical power≤250 kW<10 kW≤20 kW>50 kW>1 MW>200 kW
Possible applicationsVehicles, small stationaryPortable power applicationSubmarines, space craftsPower stationsPower stationsPower stations