Research / 2021 / Article / Fig 3

Review Article

Hybrid Triboelectric Nanogenerators: From Energy Complementation to Integration

Figure 3

Hybrid operation driven by EMG and TENG for harvesting wind energy and water wave energy: (a) a hybridized design of pinwheel driven by wind that based on sliding-mode TENG [56] (reproduced with permission. Copyright Elsevier, 2019); (b) a hybrid nanogenerator driven by wind that based on contact-separate mode TENG [57] (reproduced with permission. Copyright Elsevier, 2020); (c) a full-packaged waterwheel-like rolling triboelectric–electromagnetic hybrid nanogenerator (TEHNG) [58] (reproduced with permission. Copyright Elsevier, 2019); (d) a hybridized water wave energy harvester (WWEH) that based on a magnetic sphere [59] (reproduced with permission. Copyright American Chemical Society, 2019); (e) an optimized inner topological structure of a hybrid nanogenerator [60] (reproduced with permission. Copyright John Wiley and Sons, 2019).