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Review Article

Hybrid Triboelectric Nanogenerators: From Energy Complementation to Integration

Figure 9

Self-powered water splitting: (a) self-powered water splitting using flowing kinetic energy [119] (reproduced with permission. Copyright Royal Society of John Wiley and Sons, 2014); (b) wind energy harvester based on coaxial rotatory freestanding triboelectric nanogenerators for self-powered water splitting [120] (reproduced with permission. Copyright Royal Society of Elsevier, 2018) (c) boosting photoelectrochemical water splitting by TENG-charged Li-ion battery [121] (reproduced with permission. Copyright Royal Society of John Wiley and Sons, 2017); (d) TENG-driven self-powered photoelectrochemical water splitting based on hematite photoanodes [118] (reproduced with permission. Copyright Royal Society of American Chemical Society, 2018) (e) Blue energy collection toward all-hour self-powered chemical energy conversion [117] (reproduced with permission. Copyright Royal Society of John Wiley and Sons, 2020).