(a) Scheme showing the use of GNR/HA-DC to sensitize cancer cells to mild PTT by interfering with the anaerobic glycolysis metabolism. Reprinted with permission from Reference [113
]. Copyright 2017, American Chemical Society. (b) Scheme illustrating the transformation of GOIGLs upon NIR light irradiation. (c) Scheme depicting the mechanism of EEPT and low-temperature PTT. (b, c) Reprinted with permission from Reference [32
]. Copyright 2020, Wiley-VCH. (d) Scheme showing the utilization of M-NS for cancer starvation therapy and PTT. Reprinted with permission from Reference [119
]. Copyright 2019, Wiley-VCH.