Research / 2022 / Article / Fig 6

Review Article

Material Engineering in Gut Microbiome and Human Health

Figure 6

Materials for isolation and analysis of gut microbiome. Different methods have been developed for the sampling of gut microbiota, which include bacteria, virus, fungus, archaea, and priotis. Biomolecules associated with gut microbiota, including nucleic acids, proteins, lipids, metabolites, neurotransmitters, and polysaccharides, can be used as biomarkers for the quantification of microbiota species. Biosensors that can be used for gut microbiota detection include optical, electrical, electrochemical, and other approaches.