Ultrafast Science / 2021 / Article / Tab 2

Review Article

Broadband THz Sources from Gases to Liquids

Table 2

Properties of some liquid metals comparing with water [9294].

Metal targetsMelting point (°C)Surface tension (N/m)Density (g/cm3)Viscosity (Pa·s)Ionization energy (eV)

Water (at 20°C)00.0730.9980.00106.5
Galinstan (at 20°C)−19.00.7186.4400.0024
Mercury (Hg) (at 20 °C)−38.80.48713.5340.001510.44
Francium (Fr) (at 30 °C)27.00.0511.8704.07
Cesium (Cs) (at 60 °C)28.50.6751.8430.00583.90
Gallium (Ga) (at 53°C)29.80.7236.0800.00195.98
Rubidium (Rb) (at 100 °C)39.30.8541.4600.00484.18
Phosphorus (P) (at 50 °C)44.00.6981.7400.001610.64
Indium (In) (at 170°C)156.60.5587.0200.00196.08